Induced Seismicity

We have put together links and literature of interest on induced seismicity. However, because research or information on the possibility of induced seismicity is mentioned at a given website or within a certain publication does not mean that activity at any mentioned location has experienced induced seismicity, or that there is general concensus amongst researchers on the topic of induced seismicity.

What is induced seismicity? [Wikipedia]

Download a list of articles [PDF]

The publications below discuss possibly induced/triggered seismicity by subsurface human activity. The maximum magnitude in the right column reflect the maximum magnitudes of events in each study, not those possibly caused by induced seismicity.

Dahm, T., S. Hainzl, D. Becker, FKPE group DINSeis [2010] How to discriminate induced, triggered and natural seismicityInternal report Luxembourg Workshop 15-17th November 2010. ML=5.5
Dost, B., H.W. Haak [2007] Natural and induced seismicityGeology of the Netherlands Edited by Th.E. Wong, D.A.J. Batjes & J. de Jager, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2007: p. 223–239. MW=4.3
L. Eisner, E. Janská, I. Opršal, P. Matoušek [2011] Seismic analysis of the events in the vicinity of the Preese Hall wellCuadrilla Resources Ltd. M=2.3
Cesca, S., T. Dahm, C. Juretzek, D. Kühn [2011] Rupture process of the 2001 May 7 Mw 4.3 Ekofisk induced earthquakeGeophysical Journal International; Article first published online: 24 AUG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05151.x MW=4.3
Grasso, J.R, G. Wittlinger [1990] Ten years of seismic monitoring over a gas fieldBulletin of the Seismological Society of America; April 1990; v. 80; no. 2; p. 450-473. ML<3
Kwee, J., D. Kraaijpoel, B. Dost [2010] Microseismic pilot study in the Bergermeer fieldSummary of results, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute - Department of Seismology. MW=-2.0
Van Eck, T., F. Goutbeek, B. Dost [2008] Site specific hazard estimates for the LNG energy plant in the Europoort areaKNMI internal report; IR 2008-01. ML=3.5
Van Eck, T., F. Goutbeek, B. Dost [2007] Site specific hazard estimates for the NUON energy plant in the EemshavenKNMI internal report; IR 2007-02. ML=3.5
Van Eck, T., F. Goutbeek, H. Haak, B. Dost [2006] Seismic hazard due to small-magnitude, shallow-source, induced earthquakes in The NetherlandsEngineering Geology 87 (2006); p. 105–121. ML=3.5
Van Eijs, R.M.H.E, F.M.M. Mulders, M. Nepveu, C.J. Kenter, B.C. Scheffers [2006] Correlation between hydrocarbon reservoir properties and induced seismicity in the NetherlandsEngineering Geology 84 (2006), p. 99–111. ML=3.5
Deichmann, N., D. Giardini [2009]  Earthquakes Induced by the Stimulation of an Enhanced Geothermal System below Basel (Switzerland)Seismological Research Letters; September/October 2009; v. 80; no. 5; p. 784-798. ML=3.4
Dorbath, L., K. Evans, N. Cuenot, B. Valley, J. Charléty, and Michel Frogneux [2009] Seismic response of the fractured and faulted granite of Soultz-sous-Forêts (France) to 5 km deep massive water injections, Geophysical Journal International Volume 177, Issue 2, p. 653–675, May 2009. ML=2.7
Dorbath, L., K. Evans, N. Cuenot, B. Valley, J. Charléty, and Michel Frogneux [2010] The stress field at Soultz-sous-Forêts from focal mechanisms of induced seismic events: Cases of the wells GPK2 and GPK3Comptes Rendus Geoscience, Volume 342, Issues 7-8, July-August 2010, p. 600-606. M>1
Dyer, B. C., U. Schanz, T. Spillman, F. Ladner, and M. O. Haring, Geothermal Explorers LTD [2008] Microseismic imaging of a geothermal reservoir stimulation, The Leading Edge; July 2008; p. 856-869. ML=3.4
Kraft, T., P.M. Mai, S. Wierner, N. Deichmann, J. Ripperger, P. Kastli, C. Bachmann, D. Fah, J. Wossner, D. Giardini [2009] Enhanced Geothermal Systems: Mitigating Risk in Urban AreasEos, Vol. 90, No. 32, 11 August 2009, p. 273–280. ML=3.4
Eagar, K. C., Gary L. Pavlis, and M. W. Hamburger [2006] Evidence of Possible Induced Seismicity in the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone from Improved Microearthquake LocationsBulletin of the Seismological Society of America; October 2006; v. 96; no. 5; p. 1718-1728. MW=1.82
Mereu, R.F., J. Brunet, K. Morrissey, B. Price, A. Yapp [1986] A study of the microearthquakes of the Gobles oil field area of Southwestern Ontario, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; October 1986; v. 76; no. 5; p. 1215-1223. M>3
Raleigh, C.B., J.H. Healy, J.D. Bredehoeft [1976] An Experiment in Earthquake Control at Rangely, ColoradoScience 26, March 1976. ML=3.1
Frohlich, C., Ch. Hayward, B. Stump, E. Poter [2011] The Dallas–Fort Worth Earthquake Sequence: October 2008 through May 2009Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; February 2011; v. 101; no. 1; p. 327-340. ML=3.3
Frohlich, C., E. Potter [2010] Dallas-Fort Worth earthquakes coincident with activity associated with natural gas productionThe Leading Edge; March 2010; v. 29; no. 3; p. 270-275. ML=3.3
Hsieh, P.A., J. D. Bredehoeft [1981] A Reservoir Analysis of the Denver Earthquakes: A Case of Induced SeismicityJournal of geophysical research, February 10, 1981, v. 86, no. B2, p. 903-920. M>5
Mahrer, K., J. Ake, L. Block, D. O’Connell and J. Bundy [2005] Injecting Brine and Inducing Seismicity at the World's Deepest Injection Well, Paradox Valley, Southwest ColoradoDevelopments in Water Science, vol. 52, 2005, p. 361-375. M=4.3
Suckale, J., [2010] Moderate-to-large seismicity induced by hydrocarbon productionThe Leading Edge; March 2010; v. 29; no. 3; p. 310-319. MS=7.0
Deichmann, N. [2010] Injection-induced seismicity, International Conference: Geothermal Energy and CO2 Storage: Synergy or Competition?, February 10/11, 2010, Potsdam, Germany.  
Dowding, C. H. and J. E. Meissner [2011] Interpretation of Microseismic Effects of Petroleum Production through Observed Response to Coal Mine Blasts, Northwestern University, Autonomous Crack Measurement.  
Main, I.G., D. Irving, R. Musson & A. Reading [1999], Constraints on the frequency-magnitude relation and maximum magnitudes in the UK from observed seismicity and glacio-isostatic recovery ratesGeophysical Journal International,vol. 137, p. 535-550. ML=6.1 (tectonic)
Wolf, L. W., Ch. A. Rowe, R. B. Horner [1997] Periodic seismicity near Mt. Ogden on the Alaska-British Columbia border: A case for hydrologically triggered earthquakes?Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; December 1997; v. 87; no. 6; p. 1473-1483. ML=3.5